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ORCADIAN DYNASTIES.

THE EARLDOM OF ORKNEY

DYNASTIES SINCE THE NORWEGIAN CONQUEST, 871-1471

THE HOUSE OF ODIN, OR NORSE LINE
ORDEREARLSTITLE TO EARLDOMAccessionDemissionREMARKS
1Rognvald, Earl of MoeriInvested by King Harald Fairhair871890Burnt in Moeri
*2Sigurd the Sea KingBrother of Rognvald871882Slain in Caithness
*3GuttormSon of Sigurd882883Died childless
4HalladSon of Rognvald885885Abdicated
5Einar, Torf-EinarSon of Rognvald885910Natural death
6ArnkellSon of Torf-Einar910950Fell in England
7ErlendSon of Torf-Einar910950Fell in England
*8Thorfinn, Cleaver of helmetsSon of Torf-Einar910963Natural death
*9ArnfinnSon of Thorfinn963967Murdered at Murkle
*10Havard the BlessedSon of Thorfinn963970Slain at Stenness
*11LjotSon of Thorfinn963976Slain at Caithness
*12SkuliSon of Thorfinn963974Fell in Caithness
*13HlodverSon of Thorfinn963980Natural death
*14Sigurd II, the StoutSon of Hlodver9801014Fell at Clontarf
15SomerledSon of Sigurd II10141015Died issueless
16EinarSon of Sigurd II10141026Slain in Deerness
17BrusiSon of Sigurd II10141032Natural death
*18Thorfin II, the GreatSon of Sigurd II10141064Natural death
19Rognvald IISon of Brusi10351046Slain in Papa Stronsay
*20Paul I the ExileSon of Thorfinn II10641103In exile at Bergen
*21Erlend II the ExileSon of Thorfinn II10641103In exile at Nidaros
-Sigurd, Crown Prince of NorwayViceroy of the Isles10981103Succeed to Norway
*22Hakon the ImperiousSon of Paul11031122Natural death
23St.Magnus the MartyrSon of Erlend II11031115Executed by Haco
*24Harald the OratorSon of Hakon11221127Poisoned
*25Paul II the SilentSon of Hakon11221136Deposed
26Erlend III, the youngerSon of Harald11271156Slain in Damsay
27St.Rognvald III the RhymerSon of Gunhild, daughter of 2111361158Slain in Caithness
*29Harald III, the YoungerSon of Ingigerd, daughter of 2711761198Fell at Clairdon
THE HOUSE OF ATHOLL, OR ROYAL SCOTTISH LINE
ORDEREARLSTITLE TO EARLDOMAccessionDemissionREMARKS
28Harald II, the WickedSon of Margaret, daughter of 2211391206Natural death
30DavidSon of Harald II12061214Natural death
31JohnSon of Harald II12061231Murdered at Thurso
THE ANGUS LINE
ORDEREARLSTITLE TO EARLDOMAccessionDemissionREMARKS
32Magnus II, of AngusKinsman of John12311239-
*33Gilbert IBrother of Magnus II1239--
34Gilbert IISon of Gilbert I-1256-
35Magnus IIISon of Gilbert II12561273-
36Magnus IVSon of Magnus III12731284-
37John IISon of Magnus III12841310-
38Magnus VSon of John II13101321-
THE STRATHERNE LINE
ORDEREARLSTITLE TO EARLDOMAccessionDemissionREMARKS
**39Malise, Earl of StratherneHeir-at-law to Magnus V13211333[Fell at Halidon Hill]
**40Malise II, Earl of StratherneSon of Malise I13331344Died without male issue
41Erengisle Suneson-JonssonSon-in-law of Malise II13531357Died without issue 1392
INTERVAL OF DISPUTED SUCCESSION
ORDEREARLSTITLE TO EARLDOMAccessionDemissionREMARKS
-Thomas de St.ClairBallivus-1364Dead 1371
-Hakon JonssonPrefect13691379Appointed by Norwegian Crown
-Alexander de la ArdGovernor & Commisissur13751376Living 1379
THE SAINT-CLAIR LINE
ORDEREARLSTITLE TO EARLDOMAccessionDemissionREMARKS
-William de St.Clair, Lord of RoslinMarried Isabella, daughter of Number 40-1363Ancestor of St.Clairs
*42Henry I, the HolySon of Isabella de Stratherne13791404Slain by English during lifetime of mother
*43Henry II, 1st Lord St.ClairSon of Henry I14041420-
*44William, 2nd Lord St.ClairSon of Henry II14201471Surrendered the dignity
-William the Waster, 3rd Lord St.ClairEldest son of 2nd Lord-1497Ancestor of Warsetter, Saba, etc.
-Henry, 4th Lord St.ClairSon of 3rd Lord14851514Governor and Captain-General
-Margaret, Lady SinclairBaroness Regent15141539-
-Sir James Sinclair of SandayGrandson of 3rd Lord15151535Governor Kirkwall Castle
-Oliver Sinclair, of Solway MossGrandson of 2nd Lord15401548Governor, etc.
-William, 5th Lord SinclairSon of 4th Lord1543-Last "Lord of the Isles" DUKE OF ORKNEY
-James Hepburn, Earl of BothwellGrandson of 4th Lord15671567Consort of Mary, Queen of Scots

NOTE - The earlier years are approximated from the Orkneyinga Saga. The ancestors of the Earl of Moeri were Norwegian grandees ab initio by virtue of their descent from Odin, the great Pagan-Pontiff, "God, father, and warrior-priest of all the Dacians". The autonomous maritime principality known as the jarldom of Orkney, and the Earldom of Caithness, are the most ancient in geographical Britain, both of these dignities being in existence coeval with the reign of Alfred the Great, and centuries antecedent to the authentic mention of others. The Earldoms of Atholl, Angus, and Stratherne occur in the earliest Scottish records.

* Also Earls of Caithness (inclusive of Sutherland till after the 31st Earl)
** Also Earls Palatine of Stratherne

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