BADGE; Lus nam Braoileag (vaccineum vitis idrea) Red whortleberry
PIBROCH: Mo Run Geal Og
Not much is known of the origin of the name and race of the MacBeans. According to some the cognomen means "the son of the Ben" or mountain; but such a name would be applicable to many Highland tribes, and is not specific enough to convey any distinctiveness. Had this been the origin of the name there would almost certainly have been some local or colour qualification added. But no one has ever heard of a family called MacBean Dearg or MacBean Vorlich. Dr. Almand MacBain, the well-known Gaelic scholar, considers the race and name to be the same as that of MacBeth. Both, he says, came from Moray, a Badenoch branch was actually called "Chlann 'Ac-al-Bheath", and the name MacBheathain would formerly have been Mac-'ic-Bheatha, or Macbeth. It seems much more likely, however, that the name took its origin from the outstanding characteristic of an ancestor. One of the Scottish Kings of the eleventh century was known as Donald Ban, or Donald the Fair, and the adjective is commonly enough, as a distinction, attached to the name of clansmen at the present day, a notable instance being that of Duncan Ban MacIntyre the Gaelic poet. In the matter of race, the MacBeans have been claimed as a sept of Clan Cameron, chiefly by reason of the fact that some of them fought under the banner of Lochiel at Culloden. But on that occasion a still larger party fought in the ranks of the Mackintoshes, and there is further reason to believe that from very early times the clan regarded itself as a part of Clan Chattan. The Kinrara Manuscript records several facts of the time of King Robert the Bruce which make it certain that at any rate one family of the name then recognised Mackintosh as its chief. The first reference mentions how in the time of Angus, the sixth Mackintosh chief "Bean MacDomhnuil Mor lived in Lochaber and was a faithful servant to Mackintosh against the Red Comyn, who possessed Inverlochy". Shortly afterwards the Manuscript records how, "In the time of William, first of the name and seventh of Mackintosh, William Mhor MacBean Vic Domhnuill-Mhor, and his four sons, Paul, Gillies William-Mhor, and Farquhar, after they had slain the Red Comyn's steward at Inverlochie, came to Cosinage, where Mackintosh then resided, and for themselves and their posterity, took protection of him and his". The same annalist refers to another incident which would seem to show that, a century later, the MacBeans were regarded as distinctly a sept of the same great confederacy. "No tribe of Clan Chattan", the history relates, "suffered so severely at Harlaw as Clan Vean".
Mr. A.M. Mackintosh in his History of the Mackintoshes and Clan Chattan quotes a number of charters and bands which show that the MacBeans took an intimate part in the affairs of the Mackintosh chiefs. In 1490 Donald MacPaul or Macphail (son of Paul) witnessed a band between the lairds of Mackintosh and Kilravock, and two years later Donald Macphail and Gillies Macphail witnessed a contract between Ferquhard Mackintosh and the Dunbars. This Gillies, Mr. Mackintosh identifies with the Gillies M'Fal who appears in the Exchequer Rolls as tenant of Dulleter in 1502-8, and his son as the William MacGillies MacFaill who signed Clan Chattan's band in 1543.
So far the family were merely tenants of land. The next head of the house, Paul M'William vic Gillies, who in 1568 witnessed the infeftment of the sixteenth Mackintosh Chief in Dunachton, is designated merely as "in Kinchellye". Even in 1609, when the head of this house was clearly recognised as chief of his race, he was still only a tenant. In that year Angus MacPhail "in Kinkell" signed the Band of Union, "taking the full burden in and upon him of his kin and race of Clan Vean". In 1610, however, Angus obtained a feu of his lands from Campbell of Cawdor, and he duly appears as laird "of Kinchyle" in the Valuation Roll of 1644.
Angus's son John was the first to bear clearly the present family name. He received his sasine of the lands of Kinchyle in 1651 as "John MacBean, alias M' Angus vic Phaill, lawful son and nearest heir of Angus M'Phaill vic. William vic Gillies".
John's son and successor Paul took no part in Mackintosh's feudal demonstration in Lochaber in 1667, but in 1669 he atoned to the Captain of Clan Chattan by giving him a regular bond of manrent in the ancient style, undertaking to "follow him as his chief, with all his men tenants, family, and followers of the Clan Vean, against all men except only the King, Lord Huntly, and the Laird of Calder". Later, with two others, he undertook, for a payment of blackmail, to protect the lands of Strathdearn, Strathnairn, and adjoining districts against the depredations of cattle thieves.
Paul's son William, who was infefted in the family estate in his father's lifetime, seems to have fallen into money difficulties. In 1697 he and his father were put to the horn; in 1708 he had to grant sasine of his lands of Kinchyle, Dores, Chapelton, Achnashangach, and others, to Mackintosh of Borlum, on a bond for 8000 merks; and ten years later Mackintosh of Culclachy held a wadset over Dares and Chapelton for £5000.
From these embarrassments the family seems never to have recovered, and its difficulties were certainly not lessened by the part taken by its chiefs in the Jacobite risings of 1715 and 1745. AEneas or Angus MacBean, William's eldest son, was a captain in Mackintosh's regiment in the Earl of Mar's army, while the fifth son John was a lieutenant. They shared the march into England and surrender at Preston. AEneas is believed to have been living in 1745, so that his brother, Gillies Mar, who played a heroic part then, was not "of Kinchyle" as is generally stated. At the proving of his will he was described as son to Kinchyle and late tacksman at Dunachton, domiciled at Dalmagerry. Among his property was a copper still valued at seven ponnds in the "List of Persons concerned in the Rebellion" he is described as a "brewer"; and it has been conjectured that his farm at Dunachton having proved unsuccessful, he was the innkeeper at Dalmagerry.
Brewer or innkeeper, Major Gillies MacBean stands out as one of the most valiant figures on the Culloden battlefield. Six feet four and a half inches in height, and armed with claymore and target, he was a formidable figure. When the Argyll militia broke down a wall on the right, which enabled the dragoons to attack the flank of the Highland army, MacBean set himself at the gap, and cut down man after man as they came through. Thirteen in all, including Lord Robert Ker, had fallen under his strokes, and when the enraged enemy closed round him in numbers, he set his back to the wall and proceeded to sell his life as dearly as possible. An English officer, struck by his heroism, called to the soldiers to "save that brave man", but at that moment the heroic Major fell, his thigh bone broken, a dreadful sword cut on his head, and his body pierced with many bayonet wounds. His widow is said to have composed a pathetic lament to his memory - Mo run geal oig, "My fair young beloved". His fate was also enshrined in a set of verses which appeared in a northern periodical and have been attributed to Lord Byron. Three of the stanzas run;
Though thy cause was the cause of the injured and brave,
Though thy death was the hero's and gloroius thy grave,
With thy dead foes around thee, piled high on the plain,
My sad heart bleeds o'er thee, my Gillies MacBain !
How the horse and the horsemen thy single hand slew !
But what could the mightiest single arm do ?
A hundred like thee might the battle regain;
But cold are thy hand and heart, Gillies MacBain !
With thy back to the wall and thy breast to the targe,
Full flashed thy claymore in the face of their charge;
The blood of their boldest that barren turf stain,
But alas! thine is reddest there, Gillies MacBain !
Another member of the clan, of the same name, Gillies MacBean of Free, formerly of Falie, also fought at Culloden, but under the banner of Lochiel. He received two bullets in his leg, but was able to leave the field. Coming up with Lochiel, who had been wounded in both ankles, and was being carried out of action by two near relatives, MacBean undertook to convey him to a place of safety whence he might easily get to his own country. On crossing the Nairn at Craigie they were intercepted by some of Cumberland's men. Compelled to fight, they killed some of their opponents and the others made off. At home the wife of Gillies dressed Lochiel's wounds, and with a pair of scissors extracted the bullets from her husband's leg. MacBean lived to be an old man, and has his virtues recorded in a Gaelic inscription in the churchyard of Moy.
Still another gentleman of the clan, AEneas MacBean, whose son was afterwards Secession minister at Inverness, was pursued from the battlefield by two dragoons. His path was barred by a torrent, and he was about to be cut down when by a tremendous effort he leaped across. The dragoons followed, but the fugitive making a circuit, again leapt the chasm, and with tremendous exertion he repeated these tactics till his pursuers tired of the effort, and gave it up. He also lived long afterwards to tell the tale,
Meanwhile Donald, the son of Major Gillies MacBean, who also had taken part in the battle, and had escaped, succeeded his uncle AEneas as Chieftain and Laird of Kinchyle. Obtaining a commission in the first regiment raised by the Hon. Simon Fraser in 1757, he proceeded on service to North America. The trustees whom he left in charge of his affairs, finding them hopelessly embarrassed, sold Kinchyle and the other family estates to Simon Fraser, a Gibraltar merchant, who also purchased the Mackintosh estate of Borlum. After the disbanding of Fraser's Highlanders in 1763 MacBean became a captain in Lord Drumlanrig's regiment, and retiring later, lived in 1780 at Teary, near Forres.
It seems probable that the succession was carried on by one of the kinsmen named as trustee by Donald MacBean when he went abroad. This Captain-Lieutenant Forbes MacBean of 1757, seems to have been the grandson of Paul MacBean of Kinchyle who infefted his son William in his estates in 1689. The Captain-Lieutenant became General Fornes MacBean, R.A., and according to Mr. A.M. Mackintosh, the historian of Clan Chattan, the representative, through three generations of distinguished soldiers was, in 1903, Archibald MacBean, late captain in the 37th Regiment.
The three most important cadets of Clan Vean were the MacBeans of Faillie, of Tomatin, and of Drummond. Of these branches the first and last no longer possess their family lands. Only MacBean of Tomatin remains a land-owner in the old country of his clan.
Still another branch of the race were the Bains or Baynes of Tulloch in Ross-shire. About the time when the Kinchyle family were being definitely recognised as chieftains a fray occurred at a market in Ross-shire which showed that the Bains of Tulloch were a family of considerable position and esteem. At a market at Logieree on the Conan on Candlemas Day, 1597, a brother of Macleod of Raasay, swaggering about with a "tail" of six or eight henchmen, not only refused to pay for certain wares he had bought, but proceeded to assault the merchant and his wife. Indignant at the outrage, Ian Bain, brother of the Laird of Tulloch, remonstrated with the aggressor. The latter answered scornfully, and from hot words the dispute came to blows. Bain had only his foster-brother to support him, but he slew Macleod and two of his men. The Mackenzies then took the side of the Macleods, white the Munros came into the fray to support Ian Bain. In a running fight as far as Mulchaich several were slain on, on both sides, but Bain and his foster-brother escaped unhurt, and took refuge with Lord Lovat at Beauly. Lovat not only protected them, but sent his kinsman, Fraser of Phopachic to represent their case at court, with the result that Bain was assoilzied, while proceedings were ordered to be taken against his opponents.
Holders of the name of Bain, MacBean, and MacVean have long been outstanding in the municipal and business life of Inverness. In the eighteenth century James Baine, minister of Killearn and Paisley became minister of the first Relief congregation in Edinburgh in 1766, and published a history of modern church reformation. Of the same period was Alexander MacBean, one of the six amanuenses whom Dr. Samuel Johnson employed in the compilation of his dictionary. And in our own day the clan has been able to count such notable members as the late Australian statesman Sir James MacBean, K.C.M.G.; Alexander MacBain, the well-known antiquary, and man of letters, editor of Reliquiae Celticae and other works; and George Bain, author of the History of Nairnshire, and The River Findhorn, and editor of The Nairnshire Telegraph.
SEPTS OF CLAN MACBEAN